Plant breeding has been crucial in increasing production of crops to meet the ever increasing demand for food. Some well-known achievements are development of semi-dwarf wheat and rice varieties, noblization of Indian canes (sugarcanes), and production of hybrid and composite varieties of maize, jowar and bajra.
Plants with higher qualities are selected by and crossed to obtain plants with desired quality. This results in a plant population with improved and desired traits. Genetic diversity facilitates breeders to develop varieties for specific traits like quality improvement and tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses. It also facilitates development of new lines for non-conventional uses like varieties for biofuel in sorghum, maize etc.
Plant breeding is the purposeful manipulation of plant species in order to create desired genotypes and phenotypes for specific purposes. This manipulation involves either controlled pollination, genetic engineering, or both, followed by artificial selection of progeny. The college has Bio-technology Lab that is well-furnished, designed and equipped with the requisite technology and safety measures.
This laboratory is used for research in following areas:
List of the equipment in the lab: